The Relevance Between An ESP Syllabus And The Students’ Needs

  • Fauzi Miftakh Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang
Keywords: ESP, ESP Syllabus Design, Mechanical Engineering, Need Analysis


In learning English for specific purpose, students sometimes do not get appropriate materials with their needs. ESP materials are more specific than general English, so students should receive materials related to their background of field. This research aimed at finding out the relevance between an ESP syllabus and the students’ needs. This research used qualitative method that deals with a single or small-case studied in detail. The population was taken from the 1st semester students of Mechanical Engineering Department at University of Singaperbangsa Karawang. Random sampling was 24 students that was taken from two classes out of 120 students. The data was taken by distributing questionnaire to students and analyzing the syllabus designed by teacher. The result of this research shows that most students who are working in companies need to learn speaking skill as the most important skill as well as grammar. In addition, the ESP syllabus provided by teacher is quite relevant to the students’ needs. Therefore, it is suggested that teacher conducts a need analysis to students before designing syllabus, so it can be relevant with the students’ needs.


Allen, J. P. B. (1984). General Purpose Language Teaching: A Variable Focus Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. (2003). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dick, L. (2005). Syllabus writing. Teaching English. Available at

Evans, D. and M.J. St. John. (1997). Developments in ESP: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Cambridge: Cambridge U. P.

Hossain, J. (2013). ESP Needs Analysis for Engineering Students: A Learner Centered Approach. Presidency University.

Hutchinson, T. and Waters, A. (1987). English for Specific Purposes: A Learning-centred approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kim, Hyun Hyo. (2013). A Research on the English for Engineering Students Course Based on Needs Analysis in Korea. Kongju National University.

Krahnke, K. (1987). Approaches to Syllabus Design for Foreign Language Teaching. New Jersey: Englewood Cliffs.

Krarzia, N. (2013). Designing a Syllabus for ESP Learners: The Case of 2nd Year Commercial Sciences’ Students. University of Constantine.

Miles, M.B., & Huberman, M.A. (1994). Qualitative Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mohan, B. (1986). Language and content. Reading, MA: Addison-Weasley.

Nunan, D. and Lamb, C. (1996). The Self-directed Teacher: Managing the Learning Process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Petrova, I. (2008). Needs Analysis as a Starting Point for Designing a syllabus for English for Specific Purposes Courses. Tartu University

Richards, Jack C. (2001). Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Robinson, P. (1980). ESP: English for specific purposes. Oxford: Pergamon Press

Silverman, D. (2005). Doing Qualitative Research, Writing a Research Proposal. London: Sage.

Strevens, P. (1980). Teaching English as an International language: From practice to principle. Oxford: Pergamon Press

Tudor, I. (1996). Learner-centredness as Language Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yalden, J. (1987). Principles of Course Design for Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

How to Cite
Miftakh, F. (2018). The Relevance Between An ESP Syllabus And The Students’ Needs. Journal of English Education Studies, 1(1), 20-30.